I think it is interesting that artists usually represented the Earth as having no clouds until the 1970's (?). In the early 1960's views of the Earth from space were still new and not as widely circulated as they are today. I wonder if it was the images of the Earth taken from the moon that made artist's finally realize that the Earth's weather can be seen from space.
In this story from "Strange Adventures" #150, from 1963, artist Carmine Infantino (inking Joe Giella and story by Gardner Fox) presents his slick modernist view of space.
©1963 National Periodical Publications
Cover art by Murphy Anderson and Jack Adler